National Animal Disease Control Programme for India

To enhance farmers income and empowering them our Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched a scheme called National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP) for India from Mathura in Uttar Pradesh. The objective of this scheme is to eradicate Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis in the livestock

What are the Highlights of the NADCP scheme?

1) On staying in Mathura PM Modi also launched the National Artificial Insemination Programme and Swachhta Hi Seva Programme.

2) He has also launched nationwide workshops in Krishi Vigyan Kendras in all the 687 districts of the country on the topic of vaccination, disease management, artificial insemination, and productivity

What is the objective of the NADCP Programme?

1) Vaccination process more than 500 Million Livestock including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and pigs against Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

2) Vaccination of 36 Million Female Bovine calves annually for fighting against Brucellosis disease

What are the components of NADCP Programme?

1) Controlling diseases by 2025

2) Eradication by 2030

How much fund has been allocated for NADCP?

In this program, 100% of funding is from the Central Government. Rs 12,652 crores for a  period of 5 years up to 2024. Earlier center and state governments used to contribute in the ratio of 60:40

What is the coverage to be provided under NADCP?

Vaccination coverage to 30 crore bovines (cows-bulls and buffaloes) and 20 crore sheep or goat and 10 million pigs

What is the actual need for the implementation of the NADCP Scheme?

1) The disease of FMD and brucellosis are common among livestock such as cow, buffaloes, bulls, pigs, sheep, and goats. But both the diseases have a direct negative impact on the trade of milk and other livestock products

2)  As per the government data if a cow or buffalo gets infected with FMD the milk loss up to 100% for the last 4 to 6 months

3) In the case of Brucellosis, the milk output reduces by 30% during the entire life cycle of animal and also causes infertility among animals.